The surgical environment encompasses a wide range of operative procedures for the patient. The most common surgery that involves the use of Intra-aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) therapy is Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery.
Over the past several years, advances have been made with CABG surgery. "Off-pump" CABG surgery allows for the heart to remain "beating" during surgery, instead of utilizing the traditional cardiopulmonary bypass machine to oxygenate the body. In addition, minimally invasive CABG surgery is a new form of heart surgery that has grown in popularity. One such procedure involves using a surgeon operated "robot" to perform the operation, allowing for a much smaller incision and faster recovery time.
* EuroSCORE directed IABP placement in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. C Diez, et al. ICVTS 2008;7:389-395
** Early IABP following perioperative myocardial injury improves hospital and mid-term prognosis. A S Rubino, et al. ICVTS 2009;8:310-315
*** IABC in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. R L Grotz et al. Surgery 1989;106:1-5